In this article we will talk about how to choose a sewing machine and answer several questions:
- Which sewing machine to choose?
- Which brand of sewing machine to choose?
- How does a sewing machine work?
- Which sewing machine to choose when you are a beginner?
- Serger or sewing machine?
- Electronic or mechanical sewing machine?
How to Choose a Sewing Machine
Which sewing machine to choose?
If you have the opportunity, it is recommended that you try out several models in store before purchasing your machine. In fact, working comfort and ease of handling play a big role in the progress of a sewing project. Failing to be able to test the machines, it is important to determine beforehand the use you want to make of the machine, a price range acceptable to you and the follow-up offered by the brand (warranty conditions, repair shops, availability spare parts…)
Which brand of sewing machine to choose?
The brands that have the best reputation with fashion designers are: Singer, Janome, Pfaff, Brother, Husqvarna, Elna, Bernette / Bernina and Toyota. Each of the brands has its advantages and disadvantages, and the same brand can be publicized by one seamstress and hated by another. Whatever your choice, check the warranty conditions offered by the manufacturer, the presence or not of repair shops in the event of a breakdown and the availability of spare parts and accessories over the long term.
How does a sewing machine work?
Unlike hand sewing, where the needle passes completely through two sections of fabric and uses a single thread to stitch them together, the sewing machine makes a series of small knots with two threads (the one on the needle and the one on the needle). bobbin) between the two layers of fabric. The machine needle passes the thread through the fabric forming a small loop. A small notch in the bobbin widens this loop enough for the bobbin thread to pass through. Going up, the needle thread traps the bobbin thread between the layers of fabric and forms a knot. Regardless of the type of stitch used or the model of sewing machine, it is always the same principle.
Which sewing machine to choose when you are a beginner?
It all depends on your motivation and your ambitions. If you want to do the occasional small repair job, you don't have to invest in an overpriced sewing machine with more stitches and features than you get the chance to test. A machine that offers straight, zigzag and blind hem is enough to cover your needs. If you want to learn to sew and work regularly on your machine, it is better to choose a mechanical machine, which allows the seamstress to progress in her learning, over the tests and projects she carries out.
Serger or sewing machine?
Although dressmakers use overlockers to sew an entire garment, they are by no means the equivalent of traditional sewing machines. These two objects are complementary and meet specific sewing needs.
A sewing machine is designed (as the name suggests) for sewing fabrics, making clothes, clothes, accessories for people or the house. A sewing machine can overlock stitches, for example to prevent the edge of the fabric from fraying, and thus obtain a more "professional" finish.
An overlock machine is a sewing machine designed specifically for finishing a project, not for building it. It is equipped with two knives that will cut the fabric cleanly, while the needles create a chain of threads around the edge to "secure" the weft of the fabric and prevent fraying. Overlockers are more powerful and allow noticeable time savings and professional finish quality, where a sewing machine will require more effort on the part of the designer for equivalent results. However, they remain restricted to certain types of work with a limited number of points available.
Electronic or mechanical sewing machine?
The choice depends on the skill level of the purchaser and his habits and budget.
Mechanical sewing machines have several flounces that allow you to adjust the seam in its smallest details: thread tension, stitch length and width ... They can intimidate beginners but are a good support to understand how a machine works and acquire skills. experience in mastering its sewing, testing and adjusting its setting according to the result obtained. People with more experience or those keen to master the smallest details of their work also tend to turn to a mechanical sewing machine. They are also cheaper to buy in than electronics in general, and are best if you don't want to invest too much money up front. Note that there are mechanical sewing machines incorporating electronic elements such as an LCD display screen allowing you to see the machine settings at a glance.
Electronic sewing machines can be set up in no time and allow you to sew quickly, without wasting time in settings. Indeed, these machines offer a set of presets of more or less voluminous types of seams depending on the chosen machine. With the push of a button, the machine itself makes the necessary changes. Electronic machines are less intimidating for beginners and are also of interest to experienced dressmakers who must swallow yards and yards of fabric to complete their project, without having to readjust their settings after a few hours. Note that some electronic sewing machines allow you to customize presets or even create and store them in the machine's memory.